English economist and demographer
Alternative Title: Thomas Robert Malthus
Who was Thomas Malthus?
Where was Thomas Malthus educated?
What did Thomas Malthus write?
How did Thomas Malthus influence the world?
Academic developmentMalthus was born into a prosperous family. His father, a friend of the philosopher and skeptic David Hume, was deeply influenced by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, whose book Émile (1762) may have been the source of the elder Malthus’s liberal ideas about educating his son. The young Malthus was educated largely at home until his admission to Jesus College, Cambridge, in 1784. There he studied a wide range of subjects and took prizes in Latin and Greek, graduating in 1788. He earned his master of arts degree in 1791, was elected a fellow of Jesus College in 1793, and took holy orders in 1797. His unpublished pamphlet “The Crisis,” written in 1796, supported the newly proposed Poor Laws, which recommended establishing workhouses for the impoverished. This view ran somewhat counter to the views on poverty and population that Malthus published two years later.
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population: Malthus and his successors
In 1798 Malthus published An Essay on the Principle of Population as It Affects the Future Improvement of Society, with Remarks on the…