Agon (Classical Greek ἀγών) the real meaning of Jihad
comes from the Greek word agōn, which is translated with a number of
meanings, among them "contest," "competition at games," and "gathering."
In ancient Greece, agons (also spelled "agones") were contests held
during public festivals. The contests-among them the ancient Olympics
that our modern Olympics is modelled on-involved everything from
athletics to chariot and horse racing to music and literature. "Agon" in
the realm of literature refers to the
dramatic conflict between the main characters in a Greek play, or more
broadly, between the chief characters in any literary work. The word is
also occasionally used to refer to conflict generally, as in our first
Jihad is an Arabic word from the root Jee Ha Da. It literally means to
struggle or strive. Jihad is struggling or striving in the way or sake of
Allah. Jihad takes a very important status in the doctrine of Islam and is
one of the basic duties for every Muslim.
Though, it has nothing whatsoever to do with the term Holy War. Such
a term, or its equivalent doesn’t exist in the Islamic doctrine. The Christian
Crusaders in the mid-ages invented this ideology of Holy War.
There is nothing “Holy” about wars. Wars only involve killings and disasters!
Jihad has many forms,
Jihad of the heart/soul (jihad bin nafs/qalb)
Jihad by the tongue (jihad bil lisan)
Jihad by the pen/knowledge (jihad bil qalam/ilm)
Jihad by the hand (jihad bil yad)
Jihad by the sword (jihad bis saif)
So please think again and enrich your mind and outlook. Think of the
crusades and Thomas Aquinas on Holy War.Just war theory (jus bellum
iustum) is a doctrine, also referred to as a tradition, of military
ethics studied by theologians, ethicists, policy makers, and military
leaders. The purpose of the doctrine is to ensure war is morally
justifiable through a series of criteria, all of which must be met for a
war to be considered just. The criteria are split into two groups: ‘the
right to go to war’ (jus ad bellum) and ‘right conduct in war’ (jus in
bello). The first concerns the morality of going to war and the second
with moral conduct within war. Recently there have been calls for the
inclusion of a third category of just war theory—jus post
bellum—dealing with the morality of post-war settlement and
Just War theory postulates that war, while terrible,
is not always the worst option. There may be responsibilities so
important, atrocities that can be prevented or outcomes so undesirable
they justify war.